Topics — Trauma

Trauma is the response of the body and mind to a highly distressing event that can cause shock, denial and grief. Memories of the traumatic experience can cause debilitating emotional stress that interferes with normal activities and relationships with loved ones. Trauma can occur from a single event, or multiple, ongoing or prolonged experiences.

All Articles on Trauma

  • Photo by Courtney Wentz on Unsplash (article on psychological debriefing)

    Psychological Debriefing: Description, Use, and Effectiveness

    Psychological debriefing is a type of therapy, typically employed within 24 and 72 hours following a traumatic event, to address and help make sense of the participants’ thoughts and emotions surrounding what happened.

  • Photo by Vero Photoart on Unsplash (article on NeuroAffective Relational Model (NARM) Therapy)

    An Overview of NeuroAffective Relational Model (NARM) Therapy

    NeuroAffective Relational Model (NARM) Therapy focuses on the connection between people’s biological and psychological development. It seeks to show the effect of difficulty connecting to others on a person’s psychological, physiological, and relational experiences.

  • Photo by Melissa Askew on Unsplash (article on adverse childhood experiences)
    Children’s Mental Health

    Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs): Impact, Prevention, and Treatment

    Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), are linked to poorer outcomes in adulthood and the development of a variety of physical and psychological conditions. ACEs are estimated to affect 20% to 50% of all adults.

  • Study of a Bird, 1634, Riza-yi 'Abbasi, Metropolitan Museum of Art (article on posttraumatic growth)

    Posttraumatic Growth (PTG): On Growth After Trauma

    "Posttraumatic growth is both a process and an outcome: The experience of positive changes in oneself as a result of the struggle with traumatic events.”

  • Photo by Birmingham Museums Trust on Unsplash (PTSD in children article)
    Mental Health and Conditions

    PTSD in Children

    Any child may experience a traumatic event; however, while some children recover shortly thereafter, others are subject to the long-term effects of PTSD. While adults may be able to verbally communicate their symptoms effectively, children may better express the effects of their trauma through play.

  • Photo by eberhard grossgasteiger on Unsplash

    Dissociative Amnesia

    Dissociative amnesia, a serious form of memory loss, is one of the three types of dissociative disorders classified by the American Psychiatric Association. A significant difference between dissociative amnesia and traditional amnesia is that a person’s memories still exist in dissociative episodes but are buried as a result of psychological trauma rather than a brain injury or illness.

  • Photo by Tadeusz Lakota on Unsplash (Article on acute stress disorder)

    Acute Stress Disorder

    Acute stress disorder (ASD) is a short-term condition characterized by anxiety that may develop after a person experiences a traumatic event. Although ASD may cause debilitating physical, emotional, and psychological symptoms, most people recover within 3 to 30 days.

  • Image of broken glass
    Mental Health and Conditions

    Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (Complex PTSD)

    Many mental health professionals believe that the differences between an isolated traumatic event and ongoing trauma are significant enough to warrant a separate diagnosis called complex posttraumatic stress disorder, or CPTSD.

  • Image of August Renoir paining, Landscape between Storms
    Mental Health and Conditions

    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Overview and Treatments

    Posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a psychological condition that occurs after a person has experienced a frightening, stressful, or violent event. In people affected by PTSD, memories of the traumatic experience can cause debilitating emotional stress that interferes with normal activities and relationships with loved ones.

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